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Wednesday, May 6, 2020 | History

1 edition of International Geophysical Year in the U.S.S.R.. found in the catalog.

International Geophysical Year in the U.S.S.R..

International Geophysical Year in the U.S.S.R..

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Published by s.n. in [s.l .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Pagination25 p.
Number of Pages25
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14288347M

  Officially, Sputnik was launched to correspond with the International Geophysical Year, a solar period that the International Council of Scientific Unions declared would be ideal for the launching.   Cold War Stations Activitiy orbiting satellite to support the scientific research effort undertaken by several nations during the International Geophysical Year. The Soviets called the satellite "Sputnik" or "fellow traveler" and reported the achievement in a tersely worded press release issued by the official news agency, Tass.

since the International Geophysical Year of The continent gradually became a vast experiment in international scientific cooperation. In December , the Antarctic Treaty was signed by 12 countries: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France,,Japan, New Zealand, Norway, the Republic ofFile Size: 2MB. International Geophysical Year begins T.D. Lee and awarded Nobel Prize for discovery of principle of non-conservation of parity: Explorer I (U.S. satellite) Voyage of the Nautilus Khrushchev becomes Premier of U.S.S.R. First moon rockets Studies in the structure of viruses: 25 artificial satellites now in orbit.

Even Sputnik was the U.S.S.R.’s contribution to a cooperative global science project called International Geophysical Year ’58, at least officially. Its beep-beep-beep startled the world and scored the U.S.S.R. an unprecedented achievement. The first category of historians (and the most familiar to the general public) includes the chroniclers of the first two decades of exploration of space. Such historians are drawn primarily from the ranks of journalism and concentrate largely on the manned missions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., especially during the putative space race of the.


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International Geophysical Year in the U.S.S.R. Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book will be of value to geophysicists and researchers in the field. Show less Annals of the International Geophysical Year, Volume Seismology is an eight-chapter text that provides seismological data observed during the International Geophysical Year (IGY).

Annals of the International Geophysical Year, Part IV: Geomagnetism covers the principles and methods of observation of geomagnetism. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 17 chapters that also consider the concept of seismology and cosmic radiation. Annals of the International Geophysical Year, Volume Auroral Spectrograph Data is a five-chapter text that contains tabulations of auroral spectrograph data.

The patrol spectrograph built by the Perkin-Elmer Corporation for the Aurora and Airglow Program of the IGY is a high-speed, low-dispersion, automatic instrument designed to photograph. International Geophysical Year, a period of intense scientific research organized by scientists all over the world.

There were a number of key proposals from the American side to participate during the International Geophysical Year [IGY]. As most of you know, the Eisenhower Administration announced in July that the United States would File Size: 52KB.

Inthe International Geophysical Year was launched, a multinational effort to study Earth on a comprehensive, coordinated basis. To highlight the effort, organizers had urged the United States and the Soviet Union to consider launching a scientific satellite.

It has already been reported in the press that the launching of the earth satellites in the U. had been planned in accordance with the program of International Geophysical Year research.

"As a result of intensive work by the research institutes and design bureaus, the first artificial earth satellite in the world has now been created.

More comprehensive than The Right Stuff, more critical than Apo This New Ocean is a near-perfect history of the men (and occasional women) who have "slipped the surly bonds of Earth." Eminent science journalist and space expert William E.

Burrows covers just about everyone in history--from Daedalus to John Glenn--who ever designed or flew a rocket, trying to "ride the arrow" to the moon /5(34). ASTRONAUTICS IN OTHER COUNTRIES. ASTRONAUTICS IN THE U. SOVIET INTEREST IN SPACE FLIGHT. On Decem, the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Soviet Union, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.

R., and the U. Council of Ministers issued a proclamation in connection with the outstanding achievements that marked the. The Space Race was a 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), to achieve firsts in spaceflight capability.

It had its origins in the ballistic missile-based nuclear arms race between the two nations following World War technological advantage required to rapidly achieve spaceflight milestones was seen as necessary for. The race began inwhen both the US and the USSR made statements announcing they planned to launch artificial satellites during the 18 month long International Geophysical Year of July to December On Jthe US announced a planned launch of the Vanguard by the spring ofand on J the USSR announced it would launch a satellite in the fall of Few Americans considered the reception on Friday, 4 Octoberat the Soviet Union's Embassy in Washington, DC, to be anything out of the ordinary.

It was the appropriate culmination of a week-long set of international scientific meetings. It was also, in the cynical Cold War world of. The International Geophysical Year and Science in Antarctica. The Heroic Age ended in Antarctica after Shackleton’s death in After that, there were a few other excursions south.

Richard Byrd, an American naval flight instructor, had been the first person to. International Geophysical Year, complete set of 3, complete set of 3, MNH: perf.

12 1/ "The Song of Igor`s Army," Russia`s oldest literary work, complete set of 1, MNH: perf. L 12 1/2 "The Song of Igor`s Army," Russia`s oldest literary work, complete set of 1, MNH: The impetus behind these expeditions was the International Geophysical Year IGY, as it was known, was a collaboration effort between forty nations to carry out earth science studies from the North Pole to the South Pole and at points in between.

The world's first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched by the Soviet Union inmarking the start of the space race. This guide provides suggested research materials on this topic at the Library of Congress and online.

In Konstantin Tsiolkovsky first described in his book, Dreams of Earth and Sky, how such a satellite could be launched into a low altitude orbit. It was the first in a series of four satellites as part of the Sputnik program of the former Soviet Union and was planned as a contribution to the International Geophysical Year ().

bulletin board requesting researchers for the International Geophysical Year. He soon found himself pioneering expeditions to unexplored areas of Antarctica. His first few excursions were intended to gather information about the environmental conditions at select base camps across the vast, harsh continent.

His team measured wind speed. While the Sputnik launch was a single event, it marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race. The story begins inwhen the International Council of Scientific Unions decided to establish July 1,to Decemas the International Geophysical Year (IGY) because the scientists knew that the cycles of solar.

Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (Russian: Серге́й Па́влович Королёв, IPA: [sʲɪrˈgʲej ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ kərɐˈlʲɵf] (), also transliterated as Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov, Ukrainian: Сергій Павлович Корольов / Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov; January 12 [O.S. December 30] – 14 January ), was a lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer Nationality: Russian.

Suggested in that coordinated geophysical observations be made during the International Geophysical Year (IGY - ) modeled after the International Polar Years.

Neil Davis: With Elvey develops All-sky camera for auroral research during. It was the first in a series of four satellites as part of the Sputnik program of the former Soviet Union and was planned as a contribution to the International Geophysical Year ().

Three of these satellites (Sputnik 1, 2, and 3) reached Earth orbit.Get this from a library! Geophysical explorations in the Soviet Arctic and Antarctic. (Geofizicheskie issledovaniya v sovetskoi Arktike i Antarktike).

[Anatoliĭ Polikarpovich Nikolʹskiĭ; A I Olʹ; Arkticheskiĭ i antarkticheskiĭ nauchno-issledovatelʹskiĭ institut (Saint Petersburg, Russia);] -- Contains 9 papers on geomagnetic field, ionosphere, and auroras in Soviet Arctic and Antarctic.

Fifty years later, IPY-I was followed by IPY-II (), in which 44 countries took part; and 25 years after that by IPY-III, also known as the International Geophysical Yearinvolving 63 countries and 6, scientists.